Table of Contents
The Sonship of Christ is another subject that outrages Muslims. They cannot
contemplate a second divine person existing beside Allah. This would mean the
possibility of conflict within the Godhead. The Son could rebel against his
Father at any moment. Only Allah is the powerful one. In the Qur'an he is also
called the arrogant and the most crafty of the cunning (Sura al-Hashr 59:23 and
Al Imran 3:54). Christ's meekness and gentleness, as well as his self-denial,
are regarded as weakness in Islam. It is taken as proof that he is not God when
he says, "I am gentle and humble in heart," or "The Son can do
nothing of himself," or "The Father is greater than I."
For a Muslim, the mystery of the Holy Trinity remains concealed. The Son
continually glorified that Father during his life on earth, just as the Holy
Spirit glorifies the Son today. The Father honoured the Son and seated him at
the right hand, while the Son left to the Holy Spirit the task of building the
Church that he purchased with his blood. Christ's statement, "All authority
in heaven and on earth has been given to me," sounds like blasphemy in the
ear of a Muslim. If this were true, Allah would have no more power in his hands.
The spirit of Islam is full of pride. So a Muslim cannot understand the meekness
and gentleness of Christ's character.
The existence of a Son of God would also mean an encroachment upon Allah's
sovereignty. Allah forgives whom he wants, when he wants and
where he wants. He does not need a lamb, a mediator or a cross. Islamic
reasoning declares the crucified Christ unnecessary, because Allah does
Muhammad's denial of the sonship of Christ includes the rejection of the
historical fact of the crucifixion. He simply said without hesitation, "they
crucified him not" (Sura al-Nisa' 4:157). If Allah would have allowed the
crucifixion of Christ, then Muhammad could also have expected a shameful death
during the time of his persecution in Mecca. Instead he clung to a powerful
Allah, who in sovereign majesty protects his prophets. In Islam the cross of
Christ would signify a denial of the omnipotence of Allah.
The contrast between the holiness of God that demands the death of all who
are guilty, and his love that longs to save all sinners, is concealed from
Islam. Allah does not love sinners (a principle that is recorded 24 times in
the Qur'an, Sura al-Baqara 2:190ff), but only those who fear him (Sura Al
Imran 3:76). For this reason, no Muslim can ever be certain whether Allah has
prepared a place for him in paradise or if the gates of hell will stand wide
open to receive him.
Islam does not recognise a crucified Son of God. They have no concept of the
Lamb of God who was the vicarious sacrifice for mankind. Therefore, no Muslims
can perceive redemption; they remain without grace and abide in their sins. The
entire second article of our faith is eliminated by a Muslim. The concept and
fact of "being saved through Christ" is non-existent in Islam. The
true Saviour is hidden from their eyes.
Table of Contents
Islam rejects not only the Father and the Son, but also asserts that the
Holy Spirit is not God but a created spirit like angels and demons. The Holy
Spirit is taken to be the angel Gabriel who brought messages from God to Mary
and Muhammad. The fact that God is spirit and became flesh in Christ and now
lives within believers is a hidden mystery to the Sunnites and Shi'ites of
Islam. At best, the Sufis, the mystics of Islam, have hoped for and expected the
indwelling of Allah in man, but they reject a justifying act through the cross
as the only basis for this indwelling.
We must state that Muslims do not recognise the Holy Spirit and that he does
not dwell within them. Therefore, they cannot call Christ Lord and do not
belong to him (1 Corinthians 12:3; Romans 8:9).
A person in whom the Holy Spirit does not dwell has no assurance of answered
prayer, no assurance of salvation, and does not know the certain hope of eternal
life. Anyone involved in spiritual counselling with Muslims will find in many of
them a deeply rooted piety and a great hope in the mercy of Allah. The actual
assurance of salvation, however, is absent in Islam.
Sometimes a Muslim will say, "Why should the great Allah trouble
himself with the billions of two-legged ants on earth that crawl on one another
and kill one another? Allah is greater than that he should listen to all our
prayers. Certainly he can answer prayer when he wants, but he is free to
do as he pleases." The certainty that an eternal Father hears every cry of
His children is missing in Islam. Personal contact with God is lacking. Muslims
are not children of Allah; they are his slaves.
If you ask a Muslim if his sins are forgiven at best you may receive the
answer, "If Allah wishes!" No one knows for sure if this is the will
of Allah. On the other hand, we as Christians can testify, "Yes, God has
forgiven all our sins, because his Son bore our guilt and paid our penalty on
the cross." The Comforter, the Holy Spirit, testifies with our spirits and
hearts that we are justified and have been received into the family of the house
of God (Romans 8:16; Ephesians 2:18-22).
How then can some Christian theologians claim and declare, "Allah in
Islam is identical to the God in Judaism and Christianity!"? Do they not
realise that the New Testament says, "He who has the Son has life, he who
does not have the Son of God does not have life" (1 John 5:12)? Everyone
who does not identify himself with the cross of Christ does not have eternal
life. "For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever
believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life" (John 3:16).
We must confess that when the Holy Spirit does not dwell in a person he
cannot know eternal life. No Muslim can be sure that he has eternal life,
because he does not accept Christ who is "the life". All that remains
for him is judgement and condemnation, while the followers of Christ are
delivered from judgement because of his death (John 3:18).
Table of Contents
Our inquiry into the Person of God in both religions boils down to a
comparison. We know that God is love. Islam acknowledges Allah to be the
Merciful One. Perhaps you may ask, "Is not this name, which occurs in the
Qur'an more than any other name, equivalent to love? Are not mercy and love the
same?" Perhaps an illustration can help to clarify the comparison between
these two words. If a groom would say to his bride, "I have mercy on
you and will marry you," what would her reaction be? She would run away
from him! But if he says, "I love you," then the relationship
will be as it should be.
Even in his mercy, which is Allah's favourite name in Islam, he remains the
Great and Exalted One who at best will condescend a little to help his needy
creatures. Even in exercising his mercy he remains distant and impersonal.
Our God, on the other hand, in his love came down to our level in Jesus
Christ. He took on the form of a slave and abased himself to the lowest level,
bearing our guilt and taking our place in judgement. His self-sacrifice for us
sinners means eternal holy love.
We do not have a distant impersonal God, but a Father, a Son and a Holy
Spirit, who does not hesitate to save us and make his home within us. In an
exaggerated sense we could say, "God, in the earlier meaning of his name,
no longer exists since Jesus came to earth. What actually exists is only the
Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit." As a result everyone who does not
recognise or accept the Holy Trinity shows that the true God is hidden from him.
You Shall Know them by their Fruits
Since Allah in Islam is fundamentally distinct from the Father, the Son and
the Holy Spirit, it follows that ethics, culture and way of life in both
religions are essentially incompatible with one another.
One of the main principles in Islam is that all thought is based on law
and justice. The whole of life is influenced by and remains under the law.
Sin necessitates expiation. Words similar to the Old Testament are used in the
Qur'an, such as, "An eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an
ear, a tooth for a tooth" (Sura al-Ma'ida 5:49; Exodus 21:23,24).
Christ, however, taught a new law based on his love, and commanded
his disciples, "Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to
those who hate you and persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in
heaven" (Matthew 5:44).
Because our heavenly Father has unconditionally forgiven all people all
their sins through the death of Christ, Christian ethics and principles are thus
built upon an unconditional forgiveness toward all people. Jesus taught us to
pray, "Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors"
(Matthew 6:12). He applied his prayer with the words, "But if you do not
forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins" (Matthew
In Christianity God's love and unconditional grace have become the
guiding principles of life. In Islam law and justice are the basis for
all thought and behaviour. The everyday language of Muslims abounds with
expressions like, "I am in the right" (literally, "The right is
with me"), "you are in the wrong" (literally, "The
wrong is upon you"). There is no flexibility in deciding the right,
and compromises are seldom possible. To compromise would be an injustice.
Consequently, every sin and mistake merits reprisal and punishment. When sin
is not propitiated, then justice is not satisfied. We read in the Old Testament
that shed blood cries out to heaven (Genesis 4:10). Murder requires retribution
and vengeance. In Islam blood revenge is a law of Allah. It would be unjust to
forgive a crime or a mistake casually. In the Old Testament forgiveness was
possible only through sacrifices and the shedding of blood. The Muslims do not
understand the need for sacrifice nor that all demands of justice in God's law
have been fulfilled by Jesus, once for all time and for all people. He shed his
own holy blood for those who deserve to die. However, since reconciliation with
God through Christ is denied in Islam, the principle of blood revenge is
perpetuated. As long as unconditional forgiveness is regarded as unjust in
Islam, grace does not supersede justice, but justice overrides
grace. Anyone who has been in Islamic countries, the "House of Peace",
for a long period of time, knows of endless blood feuds, the revengeful murder
of family members for the maintaining of another family's honour.
In the Middle East, wars seldom end in a compromise. The right to land,
rivers and wells must be restored intact; if not, those who fought for their
rights will have no peace of mind. When the Israelis had given back 99.99% of
the Sinai Peninsula to the Egyptians, the Egyptians said, "We demand that
every grain of sand is returned to us."
This rights-oriented attitude leads to a kind of war between Islamic tribes
and nations that we scarcely comprehend. Iraq and Iran have destroyed one
another's oil pumping equipment. Meanwhile, Anwar Sadat made a peace treaty with
Israel because of pressure from America and was shot for it. The Lebanese civil
war raged for more than ten years. In Syria, the Alawites and the Muslim
Brotherhood are destroying one another, and Qaddafi with his billions in oil
money intends to conquer Chad and destabilise Morocco. The spirit of Islam is a
restless spirit. The Old Testament predictions about Ishmael are being proven
true until today. "His hand will be against everyone and everyone's hand
against him" (Genesis 16:12).
The sensitive concern of Muslims for justice and law is deeply rooted in
their concept of Allah himself. In the Qur'an he commanded Islam to be defended
with weapons, to carry out Holy Wars with bloodshed, and to kill every convert
who leaves Islam by rejecting Allah and accepting Christ as the Son of God (Sura
al-Ma'ida 5:9). The God of Islam is a God of retribution and a judge who is
merciless in punishing iniquity. The legalistic reasoning among Muslims comes
from Allah himself, as well as from a fanatical pride and the desire for
The Institution of Marriage
The Muslim attitude toward marriage and family life is indicative of
further contrasts between Christianity and Islam to a degree where it becomes
absurd to speak of the same God being in both religions.
According to Islam, Muhammad received a revelation from Allah, through which
he learned that any Muslim can legally marry up to four women (Sura al-Nisa'
4:3). Muslims can also, according to an interpretation of several schools of
law, enter into a temporary marriage. For instance, when travelling a Muslim can
keep wives in different places or take concubines from among his slaves, just as
it pleases him (Sura al-Nisa' 4:3-34).
Of course, today only the rich can afford several wives because a man is
bound to give each wife the same amount of food, clothes and presents, as well
as give equal gifts to all the children. If he marries several wives, he must
support separate households. The hatred, envy and jealousy that spring from this
arrangement can hardly be imagined by an outsider.
In this age of birth control, modern Islamic theologians have arrived at a
special interpretation of Sura al-Nisa' 4:3. According to this verse, Allah had
intended Muslims to be monogamous from the beginning, because his requirement
for men to love all four wives equally cannot be achieved by an husband.
No matter what modern scholars may write, a woman in Islam stands on a lower
level than a man. He is responsible to educate her in marriage; he may keep
himself from her as a punishment for disobedience and has the right to strike
her (Sura al-Nisa' 4:34). The witness of one man at a trial is equal to that of
two women (Sura al-Baqara 2:282). Children always belong to the man. Admittedly,
a mother has the privilege of caring for the children up to a certain age, but
then they must return to the father. According to Islamic understanding, these
rules are commands of Allah in the Qur'an.
In most Islamic countries it is very easy for a man to divorce his wife.
Should it have been an action carried out in hasty anger, he can remarry her
later. Later, if he divorces her a second time, he still has the right to marry
her once again. But if he divorces her a third time, he forfeits his legal right
to remarry her until she has married another man and has been divorced by him.
Then the first man can remarry her (Sura al-Baqara 2:229,230).
We cannot grasp the wretchedness behind such a regulation. The wife is not a
partner but a commodity for the man, a means to an end. This is all linked to
the fact that in Islam a person is not made in the image of Allah but is only
his slave. For this reason the wife also does not stand on the same level as her
husband, but is considered to be only a little higher than a maidservant. She is
regarded as his field, in which he can sow whenever he wishes (Sura al-Baqara
This dominance of the male is projected even beyond the gates of paradise. A
magnificent life awaits the faithful Muslim - trees of shade and fresh fruit,
alongside cool rivers; a few dozen maidens and several lads always at his
disposal. Little is said in the Qur'an about his previous wives in connection
with paradise (Suras al-Rahman 55:54; al-Waqi`a 56:15-22,34-35,72).
How utterly different is the Christian outlook on marriage! Woman
too is created in the image of God, not just the man. As far as the spiritual
relationship is concerned, she is equal to the man. Monogamy is therefore the
consequence of the spiritual position of a woman. She is a partner and helper to
her husband to tackle all problems of life together. Christ confirmed monogamy
and prohibited any irresponsible divorce (Mark 10:6-12).
The Apostle Paul demanded complete submission of the wife to her husband,
but only in conformity to the Church's submission to Christ. Accordingly, the
husband has the privilege of offering his life out of love for his wife and
children, just as Christ gave his life as a sacrifice for the church (Ephesians
Such spiritual principles regulate all areas of the Christian's life. The
secret of the Christian culture is the everlasting love of the Father
and Son and Holy Spirit. In Islam, all areas of life are governed by the judicial
dominance of the dictator, Allah. Islam and Christianity are thus two
completely different religions, as distinct from each other as Allah is from the
Table of Contents
Muslims claim that Muhammad was not the author of the Qur'an. Their
theological experts do not accept the obvious fact that 75% of the Qur'an is
composed of distorted laws and stories from the Old Testament. On the contrary,
they vehemently defend their belief that Allah inspired Muhammad and
revealed his words and commands to him. Every sentence in the Qur'an is
supposedly the pure word of Allah, infallibly by the Almighty.
All statements in the Torah (Pentateuch) and the Injil (Gospel) are thereby
rendered relative. The Muslims accept these two books as being inspired by Allah
as long as there is no conflict in them with the Qur'an. All statements in the
Bible that are not in agreement with the Qur'an are considered false and
invalid. This pits one revelation against another revelation, and each proves
the other to be false. Islam brings judgement on itself in its radical rejection
of the Trinity.
We should also bear in mind that Islam is a post-Christian religion. Out of
historical necessity, Muhammad had to come to terms with the Christ of the New
Testament. He accepted Christ partially, yet denied some crucial factors of his
life. So we find that the Qur'an bears clear witness to the virgin birth of
Christ but denies that he was conceived of the Holy Spirit. Muhammad
claims that the Son of Mary was created through God's Word out of
nothing. Christ's validity in Islam is simply as a great prophet who did mighty
wonders. He made the blind to see, healed the lepers and raised the dead.
Without dying, Christ was supposedly lifted by Allah directly into heaven where
he still lives today. According to the Qur'an, the living Christ is an article
of Islamic doctrine. He is recognised as such both in this and the other world,
from which he will come again to judge all Jews and Christians who have not
accepted Islam. Muhammad described Christ as an outstanding prophet who did
greater miracles and had a better character than himself! But despite all this
honour, there is a radical denial of Christ's deity and a rejection of the real
purpose of his coming and also of his atoning death. According to the Qur'an
Jesus was not the son of God, and his crucifixion never took place.
For all Muslims the Qur'anic Christ is the dark glass through which
they look at the true Christ. The Christology of Islam is a false standard that
they use to measure our Saviour and his salvation. However, with the recent
developments in the Middle East we will have to come to grips with the Christ of
the Muslims, because he will be the starting point or the conclusion of many
conversations with them.
In view of the special significance of the Qur'anic Christ, we must
recognise the fact that 600 years after the supernatural birth of his only Son,
God would not have sent the angel Gabriel to Mecca to tell Muhammad that he, the
living God, has no Son! And the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ would never
contradict and deny the historical facts of the crucifixion since the purpose of
his Son's birth was to die on the cross to take away the sins of the world. If
Islam claims that Muhammad received real inspiration, then it was another
spirit, a false spirit and not the Holy Spirit who inspired Muhammad. God does
The New Testament teaches us how we have to regard Islam. The apostle John
wrote in his first letter, "Every spirit which does not acknowledge
that Jesus has come in the flesh... is the spirit of the antichrist..." (1
John 2:18-23; 4:1-6). We must therefore confess with all humility that the
spirit in Islam is the spirit of the antichrist. Muhammad had heard much about
Jesus, but, in spite of all, he denied the crucified Son of God.
This brings us to our conclusion. The spirit who calls himself Allah and
claims to have inspired Muhammad cannot be the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Instead he is a spirit full of lies, who took upon himself the old
Arabic name of God, "Allah", wearing it on his face like a
mask and claiming to be God, although he is not God. Allah in Islam is an unclean
spirit of Satan, who rules with great power in a religious disguise to this
very day (John 8:30-48).
Table of Contents
We acknowledge that Islam can summon up deep religious fervour in its
followers. It is a religion of worship, of righteousness by good works, and even
calls for self-sacrifice in the cause of Allah. Countless Muslims have died in
holy wars during the course of history to uphold the name of Allah and carry it
into all the world.
Religious zeal, however, does not save anyone. Rather the gospel teaches us,
"Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the
Son will not see life, for God's wrath remains on him" (John 3:36).
Islam rejects God's Son. Consequently, it puts itself outside of the truth.
Islam is not a way that leads to God, because no one comes to the Father, except
through Jesus Christ (John 14:6).
Such spiritual issues constitute a call for every Christian to serve the
Lord among unbelievers, especially the Muslims. Have we become so contented with
a Christianity that lives only for itself, that the spiritual destitution of 800
million Muslims fails to arouse us? If you cannot fly to an Islamic country to
be a witness for Christ, you can still pray for Muslims and support other
brothers and sisters who have been called of the Lord to serve among them. Maybe
you can do something for foreign Muslim workers and students in your country.
The fact that only a few younger or older Christians are ready to follow the
call of Jesus to serve him in world missions should be an alarm signal shaking
every church and congregation. Saved believers should have a desire to save
others. If there is no sense of urgency for missionary service among the
followers of Christ, then the question must be asked whether or not these church
members have really experienced a genuine conversion and a Spirit-filled
Christ is on the move even today, seeking to save those who are lost. Is the
church abandoning him? Or are some responding with Isaiah, who, after sincere
repentance and divine cleansing, said, "Here am I, send me!" (Isaiah
Alongside or within the structure of mission societies and existing
indigenous churches, there are today special opportunities for skilled workers,
students and tourists to enter closed countries where regular missionary work
has not yet been possible.
For example, a skilled Christian worker has a golden opportunity to use his
skill in some of the oil-producing countries combining it with a wise personal
witness. The only question is whether he will seek training and accept the call
to be sent by Christ as a witness among Muslims. The skilled workers'
mission represents, in our days, a challenge to every young Christian.
Whoever wishes to participate in missionary service among Muslims must be
aware that the spirit of Islam officially opposes every form of Christian
mission. it is forbidden to call Muslims to the crucified Son of God in almost
every country where Islam is the state religion. We have to realise that Islam
is not only a religion, but a culture, and sometimes a state. Anyone witnessing
to Muslims in an Islamic country is regarded as committing an offence against
the government and must sometimes face punishment. But we must obey God rather
In our days the mission field has come to our homelands. Over 10 million
Muslims live, work or study in Europe and over 2 million in North America. Who
will speak with them about Christ? Who will give them wise guidance through
their practical problems? Who will invite them for supper or tea? How often do
we pray for the foreign workers and students? We love them only insofar as we
pray for them! Those who do not understand their languages can acquire
literature and cassettes from various centres to give to them.
Everyone who is ready to serve Muslims in Jesus' name will soon find that a
long-time rejection of the Gospel has hardened their hearts. Muslims are
conditioned and immunised from childhood against faith in the true Christ. The
rejecting spirit of Islam holds them captive in a collective grip. No
Muslim can come to a genuine conversion without the direct intervention of Jesus
In the world of Islam we find a mission field markedly different from those
countries where the message of Christ had not been proclaimed prior to the
establishment of the particular religions or cults in those countries.
Therefore, it is imperative for a convert from Islam to detach himself from the
spirit of Islam, together with its practices, and to fall in love with Christ.
If he will not deny himself and depart from Islam willingly, he will suffer from
spiritual schizophrenia that will sooner or later draw him back into Islam.
Every Christian who wants to serve among Muslims must first examine himself
to discern if the Lord has called him personally to this service. Romantic
enthusiasm does not motivate for long. "Our struggle is not against
flesh and blood, but against the rulers and the spiritual forces of evil in the
heavenly realms" (Ephesians 6:12). Only Jesus is our protection and our
strength. He alone produces lasting fruit. Every missionary among Muslims should
therefore surrender and submit himself in a complete consecration to the
crucified Christ, who leads dedicated people in the way and to the places He
chooses. The spirit of a self-satisfied and traditional Christianity must be
relinquished through obedience to the Spirit of Christ by missionaries among
Muslims. They must be no longer hold on to their rights, but only accept their
duties, just as the Lord said, "I did not come to be served, but to
serve, and to give my life as a ransom for many" (Matthew 20:28).
Table of Contents
As a result of the Islamic revival in our days, pressure is increasing on
national Christians in Islamic countries. Here some Christian churches
still exist after surviving numerous persecutions in earlier times. Today tens
of thousands of Christians are emigrating from Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel,
Egypt and other countries because they no longer see any future for themselves
and their children in Islamic countries. During times of political unrest
Christians have been repeatedly suspected of wanting to set up their own
independent states. Consequently some have been put under pressure. For example,
in Egypt in 1981 eight bishops of the Coptic church along with fifty clergymen
and laymen were put in prison. In 1979 approximately the same number of
believers in Iraq were imprisoned.
We cannot deny that movements exist, such as those in Lebanon, where Eastern
Christians have taken up arms to defend their Christian freedom and not be
degraded to second or third class citizens, as often happened in the Near East
during the past 1350 years.
"We must prepare our churches to suffer," said a church
elder of a small group in Morocco as he realised what the Muslims have in mind
for indigenous Christians in the future. He himself had been a prisoner for six
months for the sake of Christ.
It is not often realised that national Christians, born as Christians and
belonging to a regional church which possibly dates back to the early Christian
era, have legal rights to live in an Islamic state as Christians. Muhammad
tolerated them to some extent as "people of the book". But for
converts who have forsaken Islam there is no mercy. Allah's law demands their
death because he does not release anyone who has previously submitted to him.
Today, groups of converts or small underground churches exist in
several Islamic countries. The reason for this can be found in the fact that a
more liberal outlook has infiltrated Islamic minds from both East and West. In
certain cases, families reluctantly tolerate the conversion of some of its
members to Christianity. In very rare cases an entire family will take this step
But the fact remains that either an Islamic state or fanatical groups will
persecute such embryonic cells of the church of Jesus Christ the moment
their existence becomes known. Since Islam is gaining strength we must expect
that converts will face greater danger in the future. If established churches
are already feeling increasing pressure, then individual converts will be shown
even less mercy. They may be offered the opportunity to return to Islam under
the guidance of a sheikh. But if they do not consent, they could be executed by
order of the government. This is the subject of a proposal which has been
brought forward to the Egyptian parliament several times with the intention of
having it made an official law. Until now many liberal Muslims have opposed this
despite the requirements of the Qur'an.
The words of Jesus spoken in John 15:21-16:4 are becoming increasingly
relevant today. "They will treat you this way because of my name, for
they do not know the one who sent me. If I had not come and spoken to them, they
would not be guilty of sin. Now, however, they have no excuse for their sin. He
who hates me hates my Father as well... They will put you out of the synagogue;
in fact, a time is coming when anyone who kills you will think he is offering a
service to God. They will do such things because they have not known the Father
or me...." Christ did not say to Saul on the road to Damascus, "Why
are you persecuting my church?" but, "Why are you persecuting me?"
This is the consolation for all converts from Islam who believe in Jesus, that
no one is alone in persecution, but Christ suffers with him and gives strength
to every faithful disciple.
The spirit that rejected the Son of God and nailed him to the cross 2,000
years ago is alive in Islam today. It denies and hates the Crucified One, and
opposes all who are justified through him. A good Muslim thinks he worships the
true God and honours him with his whole life. Yet, through Christ we know that
Allah in Islam is not God, but a demonic, misleading spirit that has placed
one-sixth of mankind under its spell. Whatever may happen, Jesus Christ loves
every Muslim. Our Lord, who sits on the throne, can cast out any demon by a
movement of his little finger. We can have a firm hope for every Muslim who
comes to Jesus on his promise: "If the Son sets you free, you will be free
indeed" (John 8:36).