Tripoli, Rabi Awal 28, January 1
Jamahiriya News Agency
The Revolution's Leader today sent a letter to the heads of Christian
countries to mark the beginning of the New Year. the letter reads:
"I congratulate you on the occasion of the New Year and the passage of
1984 years on the birth of Jesus, 'may the Lord's peace be upon him', of whom we
would have known nothing were this not revealed to Muhammad. 'peace be upon
him'. It was Muhammad who recited the complete story of Jesus and his mother
Mary, daughter of Umran. We Muslims have believed, through the Qur'an which was
revealed to Muhammad and which you have unfortunately not recognised, in the
miracle of Jesus' birth and prophecy. This story has not reached us clearly
either through the Torah or the Bible, because the current copies of the Old and
New testaments have been forged and distorted and the name of the prophet
Muhammad and many other things have been intentionally dropped from them. For
Jesus says in the true Bible, addressing the Israelites who deserted him and
tried to kill him: 'O ye sons of Israel, I am the prophet of god sent to you to
attest the Torah and Bible and to bring glad tidings of a prophet called Ahmad
who will come after me.'
"On this holy occasion, I call upon the new generation in the Christian
world to read the Qur'an to discover the truth about Jesus Christ, 'may peace be
upon him', his mother Mary and brother Aaron, I call upon them to read the
Qur'an to see how the virgin Mary was approached by Gabriel who brought glad
tidings Of Jesus and how Jesus was born in a distant place. They will also learn
how God provided her with food from heaven and a palm tree and how her people
attacked her... How the child Jesus spoke and convinced people that he is a
blessed prophet and that Muhammad will come as a prophet after him... How he was
forsaken by the Israelites who tried to kill him, putting his look-alike to the
cross, while God lifted Jesus to the heavens... How Jesus, through God brought
life back to the dead and healed the lepers and the dumb.
"All these details have made us, we the Muslims, believe in the miracle
of the birth of Jesus, his prophecy, his beginning and end, the Israelites war
against him and the Hiwaris support for him... We have learned all this only
from the Qur'an which you have not read and do not believe in because of the
blind nationalistic fanaticism against the Arab nation, misleading Israeli
propaganda and the ignorant which has prevented you from seeking the truth of
the Qur'an and the prophet Muhammad who recited in detail the story of Jesus and
the stories of other prophets in the Qur'an.
"Therefore, I call upon the new generation in the Christian world to
carry out a cultural revolution to transform the beliefs of the Christian world
which is now in the process of disintegration and decline and is now in need of
men like Savonarola, Martin Luther and Calvin.
"May peace befall all the righteous..."
Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi
(The Times of India)
The Law of Retaliation was passed by the cabinet of the government of Radjai
(Iran) during the first days of February in the year 1981.
Through this law, which contains 80 articles, the criminal law is shortened.
One differentiates between two main parts. The first part relates to crimes of
homicide, the second to bodily injury.
For premeditated murder the law of retaliation is valid. On the approval of
the Imam of the Muslims or his representatives, the relatives of the slain
person on the side of the father may punish the accused in accord with the
fulfilment of the conditions in the following articles.
In the case of premeditated murder the following conditions are valid:
a) When the guilty person intentionally acted to kill someone. It is not
important whether he succeeded in killing the person as long as the intention
b) When the guilty person consciously undertook an attempted murder, even
when the murder was not premeditated.
c) When the guilty person did not have the intention to kill, but the
attempt itself resulted in the death of the victim by reason of the victims age,
sickness, weakness... and when the accused was conscious and aware of these
There are three cases of homicide to be distinguished: cognisant homicide,
nearly cognisant homicide and negligent homicide. The regulations for both of
the last two cases ensue in the column regarding the blood price (compensation).
The fact that one acted under coercion cannot be used to justify a homicide.
Therefore the offender is condemned under the law of retaliation.
Whoever instigates a homicide is condemned to life-long imprisonment.
- if the offender is an under-aged child who doesn't know what he is doing,
or a mentally retarded person, then the instigator alone is condemned by the law
- if the offender is an under-aged child, who is conscious and aware of the
act, he will be judged according to the law of retaliation. In such a case his
guardian is obligated to pay the blood price (compensation). The instigator is
condemned to life-long imprisonment.
If a Muslim man kills a Muslim woman he is condemned according to the law of
retaliation. But before the execution the relatives of the woman on her father's
side must pay the murderer half of the blood price (compensation), which is
customary in a case involving the death of a man.
If a Muslim woman consciously kills a Muslim man, she alone is condemned by
the law of retaliation, and does not have to pay the relatives of the victim.
If a non-Muslim kills a non-Muslim, the offender is condemned by the law of
retaliation, even if the murderer and the victim do not belong to the same
religion. If the victim is a non-Muslim woman, her relatives on the side of her
father must pay the blood price to the murderer (compensation), which is
customary in a case involving the death of a man.
Part two: Conditions under which the law of retaliation is applied.
The retaliation can only be exercised if the relatives of the victim are in
agreement. Otherwise the one carrying out the execution is himself condemned
under the law of retaliation.
If a father or grandfather kills one of his offspring, the law of
retaliation does not apply. He must merely pay the heirs of the victim the blood
price (compensation). In addition, the religious judge must reprimand the man.
For homicide, the law of retaliation is valid if the victim did not deserve
to be killed in a religious sense. Causes for retaliation exist with the death
penalty, however, if the victim insults the Prophet, the Imams, or Zahra, the
daughter of the Prophet;
- the victim attempted to force his way into a private residence and the
owner could only defend himself by killing the intruder.
- a married man kills his wife, whom he surprises committing flagrant
adultery. He may also kill the lover.
The execution of these articles relate to the law of Allah, and if someone
in all of these cases is against the one who has murdered, then he must make a
statement under oath, otherwise the law of retaliation is valid.
Part Five: Modalities for the Application of Retaliation
Retaliation is made use of in the cases of cognisant homicide, but can,
however, with the approval of the relatives of the victim on the father's side
and the agreement of the murderer, be commuted into the payment of a
corresponding blood price (compensation), that is, in the paying of more or less
large sum. Yet neither the relatives nor the murderer can propose this exchange
Among the heirs, those of the victim on the father's side alone have the
right to demand the use of retaliation. Neither the married man nor the wife
have the right to pardon or the right to have retaliation implemented.
A pregnant woman, who is condemned under the law of retaliation, may only be
executed after the birth of the child. If the implementation of retaliation
after the birth may bring fatal harm to the child, the execution must be
postponed, until the danger is no longer present.
It is not allowed to carry out the retaliation with an instrument that is
not sharp enough, and which could be used to torture the delinquent. One must
behead him with a good sharpened sword or shoot him with a gun or a suitable
weapon so that he will die without difficulties. It is forbidden to mutilate the
one condemned to die.
If there are many relatives of the victim on the father's side, then every
one of them must be asked his opinion. If they are all united over the
implementation of retaliation, then the murderer must be executed. Also, when
only a part of them favour retaliation and the other favour blood price
(compensation), retaliation can still be carried out. In this case those who
demanded retaliation must pay the blood price (compensation) to those who gave
in to the retaliation. If some of the relatives give a pardon without blood
price (compensation), the others can exercise retaliation, as long as they have
previously paid the blood price (compensation) to those who had granted pardon.
The relatives of the victim on the father's side can carry out the
retaliation with their own hands or, if they have the permission of the imam,
commission an authorised agent, without being prevented in doing so or being
prosecuted for corruption.
Stipulations for the Employment of Retaliation Involving Mutilation and
The stipulations for the employment of retaliation involving mutilation or
injuries are the same as those in the case of a homicide. For situations
involving limbs of the body, however, one must employ the principle of
reciprocity, and take into consideration whether the limbs are healthy and
essential for life. This reciprocity obligates one, moreover, to consider which
part of the body is involved. One cannot overreact, and the death of the guilty
one must be prevented, or that a greater injury not be inflicted upon him than
that which he caused.
Modalities for the Implementation of Retaliation Involving Mutilation or
So that the retaliation for the mutilation exactly corresponds, one has to
evaluate the injury, so that the retaliation can be equivalent. Everything that
could prevent retaliation, or bring danger with it, or could precipitate
exaggeration, must be avoided. If, for example, hair would interrupt the
carrying out of the correct retaliation, it must be cut off. If the guilty
person has open wounds on arms or legs, they must first be healed, so that the
use of retaliation will not be disproportionate.
If, through the carrying out of the retaliation, the guilty person moves and
thus causes a worse mutilation, the executioner is not responsible. If the
retaliation exceeds mutilation, however, and the condemned one did not move, the
executioner is to be condemned to retaliation in like measure, in case he acted
intentionally. In case it was not intentional, the executioner must pay
compensation in an amount proportional to the excess.
If the danger of necrosis exists because of heat or cold, the retaliation
must be carried out in moderate temperatures.
The instruments for carrying out the retaliation must be sharp and sterile,
in accordance with the manner of retaliation, and be suited for such purpose. It
is not allowed to inflict greater injuries on the wrongdoer than he caused.
If someone gauges out the eye of another, he can be condemned in accordance
with the law of retaliation, even if he himself has only one eye and will be
blind as a consequence. No reason exists for him not to pay compensation.
This excerpt is from the translated texts of the law of retaliation (in
Iran) and originates from the magazine "Conscience and Freedom"
19/1982 (Bern, Switzerland).
Table of Contents
Not many Christians are shaken by the spirit and the practices of Islam.
Others grow furious over the apologetic explanations put forth by Islam. But
those desirous to evangelise ask: "How can we bring Muslims nearer to
In observing Islam and in conversation with Muslims we realise there are
different methods that should not be confused with each other. Otherwise endless
misunderstandings can arise.
- The self-understanding of Muslims is frequently different than
that which we can easily grasp or sympathise with. Nevertheless, we should
endeavour to grasp their teaching, laws, prayers and conceptions, especially if
we want to declare the gospel to them.
- An evangelical diagnosis of Islam is substantially different from
a scientific description of this religious culture and their self-understanding.
In such a diagnosis the teaching and life of Islam must be measured by the New
Testament. Christ is also the standard for Islam. His spirit uncovers the false
spirit of Islam and shows the spiritual bondage of Muslims.
- A New Testament therapy for a Muslim places as a prerequisite the
comprehension of his self-understanding and sets forth the fact that an
evangelical diagnosis exists. But like a doctor who frequently cannot explain to
his patients the substance and details of their sickness, but leads them,
nevertheless, on the road to recovery, even so it would be unkind and unwise to
explain to Muslims about their bondage and the shortcomings of Muhammad. We want
much more to take Jesus clear to them and to portray His love, holiness, words
and deeds before their eyes. Only in the recognition of Jesus does a Muslim gain
a new measure for his life, recognise his own guilt, discover the justification
prepared for him, and receive strength and hope for his salvation.
- An open question. Christ did not come to judge mankind, but to
save it. He sacrificed Himself in our stead, because we all have fallen under
the judgement of God. Scarcely anyone had understood His sacrifice or recognised
that it was necessary. But He completed His salvation for everyone - for Muslims
So, therefore the question is posed: Who will tell them more about this
gospel and hold His power before them, that they might recognise Jesus, and
through faith in Him receive eternal life? We love Muslims and guest workers
only as far as we pray for them. Whoever prays receives guidance, open doors and
contacts, along with necessary words for discussion with them. Jesus desires to
meet the 800 million Muslims living today. Who will be His messenger?
He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe
the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him. John 3:36
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