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- Qasim Amin Tahrir al-mar'a (Cairo, n.p., 1928), p.9. Muhammad Rashid
Ridha, Nida li al-jins al-latif (Cairo, n.p., 1932), p.111. Muhammad Ali
al-Sabuni. Tafsir ayat al-Qur'an (Beirut, n.p., 1981), 2:52,53,169-174. Muhammad
Husein Haikal, Hayatu Muhamm Qasim Amin, Tahrir al-mar'a (Cairo, 1928), p.9. Muhammad Rashid
Ridha, Nida li al-jins al-latif (Cairo, 1932), p.111. Muhammad `Ali
al-Sabuni. Tafsir ayat al-Qur'an (Beirut, 1981), 2:52,53,169-174.
Muhammad Husein Haikal, Hayatu Muhammad, 17th ed. (Cairo, 1986), p.336.
Abbas Mahmud al-Aqqad, al-Mar'a fi al-Qur'an (Beirut, 1985), p.12. Many
contemporary writers depend on superficial comparisons between the legislations
the Islamic Sharia instituted and the position of the woman in the pre-Islamic
times, or between the Islamic Sharia and the Roman law as a proof that the
woman's position in Islam is much better than under those regimes or laws (Subhi
Salih, al-Nuzum al-islamiyya (Beirut, 1965), p.51. Sayyid Amir `Ali,
The Spirit of Islam (Delhi, n.d.), p.222. Muhammad Husein Haikal, p.354.
`Abdalla Shihata, al-Da`wa al-Islamiyya wa al-i`lam al-dini (Cairo,
- Subhi Salih, p.442.
- The classic example of the mistakes that result from the lack of knowledge
of Islam in this respect is a book by John Laffin entitled Dagger of Islam
where the author mentions female circumcision as a command given by the Qur'an,
yet the Qur'an does not even suggest that there was a male circumcision!
- Female circumcision as practised in some Islamic countries is a good
example of this.
- Almost all subjects cited from the Qur'an fall in this category. Thus, a
Muslim must check Muhammad's sayings, which have been narrated orally and later
written down from the beginning of the third century A.H., to know what the
Qur'an definitely meant. It is worthy of note that the jurists and the narrators
of Hadith have sifted and modified the Hadith according to the circumstances
(Ignaz Goldziher, Vorlesungen über den Islam (Heidelberg, 1910),
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