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- Johann Christof Bürgel, Allmacht und Mächtigkeit im Islam
(München, 1991), p.286.
- In Sura al-Masad 111 (which is also called the Sura of Abu Lahab) Abu
Lahab and his wife are cursed. There is a reference to Zainab in Sura al-Tahrim
- She has been known in literature as "Hawwa" (that is Eve), but
the Qur'an calls her "Adam's wife" (Suras al-Baqara 2:35; al-A`raf
7:19; Ta Ha 20:117).
- This problem is encountered in the Qur'anic verses that some
orientalists call "sections of the history of salvation". Muhammad
never intended to let his companions know about the history of the prophets in
an objective way, since he searched the stories of the prophets looking for
himself, his private affairs and circumstances, and found them (Rudi Paret, Muhammad
und der Qur'an (Stuttgart, 1985), p.100).
- Suras al-Tawba 9:71,72; al-Ahzab 33:35; and al-Buruj 85:10. Since the
Qur'an imposes devotional commandments on both male and female, some
contemporary scholars claim that Islam put men and women on the same footing
(Mahmud Shaltut, al-Islam `aqida wa shari`a (Beirut, 1990), p.12).
- The following verse can be cited as an example: "And those you fear
may be rebellious admonish; banish them to their couches, and [even] beat them"
(Sura al-Nisa' 4:34). Some contemporary scholars allege that the context of the
verse indicates that "beating" is the final means of disciplining and
chastising the rebellious wife (Muhammad Rashid Ridha, al-Manar, 5:63.
Mahmud Shaltut, al-Islam `aqida wa shari`a, p.164).
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