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Endnotes: chapter ten

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  1. al-Bukhari, Nikah 15; Abu Dawud, Nikah 2; al-Nasa'i, Nikah 13; Ibn Maja, Nikah 6; al-Darimi, Nikah 4; al-Muwatta', Nikah 21; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 2:428.
  2. Ibn Maja, Nikah 34.
  3. `Abd al-Rahman al-Jaziri, Kitab al-fiqh ala al-madsahib al-arba`a (Cairo, 1934), 4:9. As to short stature, it is narrated that Muhammad knelt down when he saw a short man (`Uyun al-akhbar, 4:53). Salim narrated that the Messenger of God said, "Whoever sees someone afflicted [with short stature] and says, 'Praise be to God who freed you from your affliction and placed high above many of His creation' God will free him from that kind of affliction whoever he was" (`Uyun al-akhbar, 4:53). It seems that shortness of stature does not do any good in Muhammad's opinion since the false Christ is also described as a short man (Abu Dawud, Malahim 14).
  4. Abu Dawud, Nikah 34.
  5. Ibn Maja, Nikah 14.
  6. al-Fatawa al-hindiya (Bulaq, 1310 A.H.), 1:287.
  7. Shams al-Din al-Maqdisi al-Mardawi, Kitab al-furu` (Cairo, 1967), 5:151.
  8. Ibn Maja, Nikah 7.
  9. Ibn Maja, Nikah 7.
  10. Abu Dawud, Nikah 34.
  11. al-Jaziri, 4:11.
  12. Muhammad said, "One should run away from a leper as one runs away from a lion" (al-Bukhari, Tibb 19; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 2:443). In another tradition Muhammad said, "Do not fix your gaze upon the lepers" (Ibn Maja, Tibb 44; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 20:28,233). It has been related that the Ummayad caliph `Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan ordered all the lepers he met on his way to Mecca to be burned. He said, "If God wished good for those people, He wouldn't have afflicted them with such affliction." Qatada narrated that "a leper entered upon `Abdullah Ibn al-Harith, who ordered him to go out. He was asked, 'Why?' He replied, 'I learned that he is accursed'" (`Uyun al-akhbar, 4:69).
  13. al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli, Shara`i al-Islam (al-Najaf, 1969), 2:319-320.
  14. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 3:231; `Uyun al-Akhbar, 4:8.
  15. Kanz al-`ummal, 21:195.
  16. Hasab not only means an original or legal lineage, but also wealth and riches (al-Muwatta', Jihad 35). Muhammad defined hasab as "wealth, honour, and piety" (`Uyun al-akhbar, 4:10).
  17. al-Bukhari, Nikah 15; Muslim, al-Radha` 93; Abu Dawud, Nikah 2; Ibn Maja, Nikah 13; al-Darimi, Nikah 4; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 2:428.
  18. `Uyun al-akhbar, 4:19.
  19. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 6:82; `Uyun al-akhbar, 4:73.
  20. Abu Dawud, Nikah 4.
  21. al-Jaziri, 4:11.
  22. al-Ghazzali, Ihya' `ulum al-din, 4:688.

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