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Endnotes chapter seventeen

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  1. al-Tabari, 5:1.
  2. ibid. 5:2.
  3. ibid.
  4. al-Bukhari, Nikah 12,24,60; Maghazi 38; al-Tirmidsi, Adab 22; Abu Dawud, Adab 124; Muslim, Radha` 33; Abu Dawud, Nikah 44.
  5. al-Tabari, 5:6.
  6. ibid. 5:7-8.
  7. Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) (Leiden, 1934), vol.1, p.17ff. The Old Testament says about slaves: "Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy slaves. You may also buy some of the temporary residents living among you and members of their clans born in your country, and they will become your property. You can will them to your children as inherited property and can make them slaves for life, but you must not rule over your fellow Israelites ruthlessly" (Leviticus 25:44-46 in the NIV).
  8. EI, vol.1, p.18. This, at least, should be considered a great improvement on the position of male and female slaves, in comparison with their situation before Islam, since at that time the children of the slave woman from a free father would follow the state of their mother and remain slaves.
  9. W. Juynboll, p.234ff.



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