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Endnotes: chapter eigthteen

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  1. al-Manar, 5:71ff. Mahmud Shaltut, al-Islam `aqida wa Shari`a, p.166. Fi Zilal al-Qur'an, 2:654ff. al-Sabuni, 2:433ff.
  2. al-Shafi`i, Kitab al-Umm (Bulaq, 1322 A.H.), 5:100,101. Fakhr al-Razi, 10:9.
  3. al-Tabari, 23:169.
  4. Abu Bakr Ibn `Ali al-Jassas, Ahkam al-Qur'an (Cairo, 1347 A.H.), 3:471ff. al-Sabuni, 2:433.
  5. al-Jassas, 1:240. The hadith occurs also in al-Bukhari, Tafsir Sura al-Shams 91:1; Muslim, Janna 49; al-Tirmidsi, Tafsir Sura al-Shams 91; Ibn Maja, Nikah 51; al-Darimi, Nikah 34; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 4:17.
  6. Muslim, Hajj 137; al-Tirmidsi, Radha` 11, Tafsir Sura al-Tawba 9:2; Abu Dawud, Manasik 56; Ibn Maja, Nikah 3, Manasik 84; al-Darimi, Manasik 34; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, 5:73.
  7. al-Sabuni, 5:73.
  8. al-Tabari, 5:68-69.
  9. For example: "Until when will you beat your women as though you are beating slaves? Perhaps you have intercourse with them at the end of the day" (see also footnote number 5). It is also narrated that Muhammad said, "Do not beat the slaves of God" (Ibn Maja, Nikah 51).
  10. Abu Dawud, Nikah 42; Ibn Maja, Nikah 51.
  11. al-Manar, 5:76.
  12. Shalabi, p.235, a quotation from al-Mar'a fi al-Islam, by Kamal Ahmad `Awn.
  13. Shalabi, p.236.
  14. `Ali Shalaq, al-Tatawwur al-ta'rikhi li-awdha `al-mar'a al-arabiyya, (a part of al-Mar'a wa dawruha fi harakat al-wahdat al-`arabiyya, Beirut, 1986), p.23.
  15. al-Manar, 5:75.
  16. ibid.
  17. Shaltut, Muhammad, al-Islam `aqida wa shari`a, p.162-165.
  18. al-Aqqad, al-Falsafa al-Qur'aniyya, p.75.
  19. ibid. 76.
  20. Shalabi, p.236.



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